WildLife Sanctuaries and Parks Of India
The natural wealth of the Indian subcontinent has remained unique, mysterious and fascinating for nature lovers.The protected wild life area in India spans over 90,000 square kilometers of land. There are over 53 national parks and 247 sanctuaries which is home to the wide array of birds and animals. For people who are interested in in wildlife, I have listed the major parks and sanctuaries of India below.
1. Bandipur National Park is located in Karnataka and is one of the fifteen identified in India for Project Tiger, launched to save the tiger and conserve its habitat.
2. Bharatpur National Park or The Kelolodeo Ghana National Park at Rajasthan is India's best bird sanctuary where 400 species of birds can be found.
3. The Corbett National Park is in Uttar Pradesh and is named after the British writer and hunter, Jim Corbett. It was the 1st national park of India established in 1936. It encompasses an area of 1318 square kilometres and is home to many species of wildlife including tigers, elephants, monkeys, deer, crocodiles, monitor lizards, leopards and water fowl.
4. Kanha National Park is in Madhya Pradesh and is famous for its tiger, leopards, chital and sambar. This forest was the inspiration for Rudyard Kipling's Jungle Book.
5. Kaziranga National Park is in Assam and spreads over an area of 430 square kilometres is home to the One-horned Great Indian Rhinocerous where approximately 1000 of these animals live in a protected environment.
6. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is in Assam many species of birds and animals like the Pygmy Hog and the Golden Langoor are found.
7. The Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary is in Tamil Nadu and has the spotted deer, Indian bison, tiger, panther, wild boar and sloth bear in an area of 3000 square kilometres.
8. Nagarhole National Park is in Karnataka near the Kabini River where elephants are found in large numbers along with bison, wild boar, sambar and the barking deer.
9. Periyar National Park is in Kerala and is one of the best known wildlife sanctuaries of India surrounding the Periyar Lake. Animals found here includeelephant, bison, antelope, sambar, wild boar and monkeys.
10. The Rann of Kutch Wildlife Sanctuary is in Gujarat and is home to the fast moving Wild Ass. Other animals that can be found here are wolves and the caracal.
11. Ranthambore National Park or the Sawai Madhopur National Park at Rajasthan is an important sanctuary for tigers, which has virgin bush forests.
12. The Sasan Gir National Park is in Gujarat and is unique as it is the last refuge of the Asiatic lion and about 250 of them live here.
13. Sariska Tiger Reserve and National Park is in Rajasthan and is home to a variety of wildlife like blue bull,sambar, spotted deer, wild boar, and a small number of tigers.
14. The Simlipal National Park is in Orissa and covers an area of 2750 square kilometres. It is home to tigers, elephants, and deers in a natural environment of hills, waterfalls and thick forests.
15. Sunderbans Tiger Reserve is in West Bengal and is set in the Ganga delta which spreads over an area of 2585 square kilometres and is home to the Royal Bengal Tiger. Spotted deer, monkeys and heron are also found here.
16. The Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary is in Tamil Nadu and is home to cormorants, egrets, herons, storks, ibises, spoonbills and pelicans.